While not capitals in the traditional sense, two of the Greek city-states competed with each other for the title of most important, and for the power and wealth that was associated with being the most successful. These two city-states where Athens and Sparta.
Around 700 B.C., both Athens and Sparta where ruled by powerful kings. These kings slowly lost power to local merchants and noblemen. The lower classes were not given any rights nor authority. This was a source of anger and a possible cause of revolts.
The farmers and other lower classes demanded that their voices be heard, and that their rights be granted. Both Athens and Sparta faced great challenges. How would they maintain their control and influence over their people? Each city-state solved this challenge very differently.
A man sooner or later discovers that he is the master gardener of his soul, the director of his life.
In the ancient Mediterranean world people used olive oil to wash rather than soap.