For many hundreds of years the Aryans did not have a written language. Instead, they passed their history down from one generation to another though stories, poems and epics. These oral histories would be memorized, word for word, and handed down, insuring that future generations would not forget their past.
Around 1200 B.C., the Aryans developed a written language. The oral traditions that had been handed down were recorded in sacred books called Vedas, or “Books of Knowledge.”
These Vedas give historians an accurate window into the lives and culture of the Aryan peoples. Without them, we would know very little about the Aryans.