One of the most important cities in the region was Makkah. Makkah was located about 55 miles from the borders of the Red Sea. Its location along the Red Sea and also along important trade routes made it a good location for controlling trade in the region.
Makkah also was home to the region’s most sacred religious shrine. This shrine, known as the Kaaba, contained engraved images of all the Arabian gods.
Arabians would travel hundreds of miles in great pilgrimages to visit the Kaaba in the city of Makkah so that they could faithfully worship their gods. This brought additional wealth and prosperity to the city, and became an important part of their economy.
In A.D. 887 Charles the Simple, the heir of Charles the Bald, acceded to the French throne by overthrowing Charles the Fat.