As a result of the constant attacks by the Vikings and other nomads, the governments of Europe were constantly under attack. Communities did not feel that their governments were providing adequate protection for them against outsiders. The economies of Western Europe were in shambles, and trade routes were disrupted.
As the monarchs of central governments lost power, a new type of government evolved called Feudalism. Feudalism began in France around 900 A.D., and spread throughout the remainder of Europe within 150 years.
Nostalgia is like a grammar lesson; you find the present tense and the past perfect.
The United Church Observer
Due to a legal technicality, President William Howard Taft may not have actually been a citizen of the United States.