French Monarchy Established
During the early parts of what is known as the Middle Ages, much of modern day France was ruled by the Franks. By the 900s A.D., however, the region was in chaos, and was instead ruled by a series of feudal lords.
In 987 A.D., a noble by the name of Hugh Capet defeated the last Frankish king and took the throne of France for himself. In truth, Capet only ruled a very small territory. He ruled the city of Paris and a small strip of land bordering the city.
Capet’s ancestors, however, would rule France for the next 300 years and would greatly strengthen France's government and expand its borders.