By the late 1500s A.D., the center of the Renaissance in Italy began to shift from Rome to the more wealthy city-state of Venice. Venice was located in the Mediterranean Sea among hundreds of tiny islands on the northeast edge of the Italian Peninsula. Its location made it ideal for trade.
Many in Venice grew wealthy, which allowed them to afford the finer pleasures of art and the humanities. Their money attracted the attention of many of the artists, writers and scholars in Rome. There was more money in Venice than in Rome, and as a result, it was easier for a humanist to make a living in Venice.
Venice quickly became world famous for the high quality of art and literature that they were producing.
And those who were seen dancing were thought insane by those who could not hear the music.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche
Crude oil was being drilled for in ancient China. In the 6th century it was recorded that hollow bamboo rods were driven into the ground in search of brine to provide salt for cattle. In the process, they also came across natural gas and flammable petroleum, which they used themselves or sold for fuel.