In 1524, France entered the exploration race. They hired an Italian explorer by the name of Giovanni Da Verrazano (also spelled Verrazzano) to attempt to find a northern route to the Orient around the Americas.
De Verrazano explored the east coast of North America and is credited with being the first European to enter New York Harbor since the Norse people. Unfortunately he was unable to find a way through to the Orient.
Fair play is primarily not blaming others for anything that is wrong with us.
The only two Southern state capitals not occuppied by Northern troops during the American Civil War were Austin, Texas and Tallahasse, Florida.